Hawaii is one of the 50 United States and therefore a passport is not required for US citizens and legal residents. For example, if you lawfully live in New York, you don’t need a passport to visit California or New Jersey, therefore you don’t need a passport to visit Hawaii.
Though US citizens and legal residents don’t need a passport to travel to Hawaii, a government-issued photo identification is required for adult travelers age 18 and older. A couple of examples of government-issued photo identification include driver’s license and passport. See this TSA link for other valid forms of identification.
If you are not a US citizen or lawful resident, you are required to present a valid passport. For example, if you are a citizen of Australia and you visit Hawaii, you are required to present a valid Australian passport. Here’s what the US Department of Homeland Security says:
All international visitors regardless of country of origin must present a passport or secure document when entering the United States by air.
You can read more about the requirements for international visitors here.